Other common name(s): Indian saffron, turmeric, turmeric root, the golden spice1
Description: Turmeric, a member of the ginger family, originates from Southeast Asia and is cultivated on a commercial scale, mainly in India.1 Its underground stem, known as a rhizome, serves both culinary and traditional medicinal purposes.1 The stem is ground up into a fine powder and most often used in South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine.1
The term “turmeric” originates from the Latin phrase “terra merita,” translating to “meritorious earth.”2 This name alludes to the bright yellow color of ground turmeric, which bears a resemblance to certain mineral pigments.2 Possessing a warm and slightly bitter flavor, turmeric is a common ingredient used to add taste and color to curry powders, mustards, butters, and cheeses.3
Throughout history, turmeric held a significant place in Ayurveda, traditional Indian medicine, and other traditional medical systems throughout Eastern Asia, such as traditional Chinese medicine.1 In Indian culture as far back as 4,000 years ago, it was traditionally employed to address issues related to the skin, upper respiratory tract, joints, and the digestive system.1
In the present day, turmeric is widely advocated as a dietary supplement to address a range of health conditions, including arthritis (chronic joint inflammation), digestion problems, respiratory infections, allergies, liver disorders, and depression.1 These dietary supplements are formulated from dried rhizomes and generally include a blend of curcuminoids.1 Additionally, turmeric is transformed into a paste for topical application to treat skin-related concerns.1
The vast majority of global turmeric production takes place in India, where the country itself consumes approximately 80 percent of the produced amount.2
Nutrients: Turmeric has bioactive components with medicinal attributes.5 These bioactive agents are referred to as curcuminoids, with the primary and most significant compound being curcumin.5 Curcumin exhibits potent anti-inflammatory properties and serves as a robust antioxidant.5
- 29 calories
- 0.91 grams (g) of protein
- 0.31 g of fat
- 6.31 g of carbohydrates
- 2.1 g of fiber
- 0.3 g of sugar
That same 1-tbsp serving provides:
- 26% of daily manganese needs
- 16% of daily iron
- 5% of daily potassium
- 3% of daily vitamin C
Geographic origin: The cultivation of turmeric can be traced back almost 4,000 years to Southeast India and Indonesia, where it both served as a culinary spice and was used in religious festivals as a symbol of prosperity and fertility.2
It is believed that its presence extended to China around 700 AD, East Africa by 800 AD, West Africa by 1200 AD, and Jamaica during the eighteenth century.2 In 1280, Marco Polo documented his fascination with the spice, marveling at its resemblance to saffron in terms of color and flavoring.2
Current form of consumption: Turmeric can be consumed as a capsule, powder, tea, or extract.4
History of use as medicine: Turmeric has been a part of folk medicine across various geographic regions throughout history.2 In Ayurvedic practices, it holds multiple medicinal attributes, including enhancing overall energy, alleviating gas, expelling worms, aiding digestion, regulating menstruation, dissolving gallstones, and relieving arthritis.2 Many South Asian nations used and still utilize it as an antiseptic for wounds, burns, and bruises, as well as an antibacterial agent.2
In Pakistan, turmeric serves as an anti-inflammatory agent and a remedy for gastrointestinal discomfort related to irritable bowel syndrome and digestive disorders.2 In Pakistan and Afghanistan, it is used to cleanse and heal wounds by applying it on burnt cloth placed over the wound.2 Indians utilize turmeric to purify blood, treat skin disorders, and even to remove excess hair by applying a paste.2 In certain parts of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, turmeric paste is applied to the skin of brides and grooms before marriage to enhance skin radiance and ward off harmful bacteria.2
Ayurvedic medicine extensively utilizes turmeric to address respiratory conditions, liver disorders, anorexia, rheumatism, and more.2 In traditional Chinese medicine, it is employed to relieve abdominal pain.2 Ancient practices have prescribed turmeric for treating sprains and swelling.2 Both Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine value turmeric for its digestive and gas-relieving properties.2 Unani is a type of traditional medicine practiced in South Asia. Practitioners use it to clear phlegm, improve blood circulation, and stimulate bile production to improve digestion of fats.2 It is incorporated into foods to enhance digestion and reduce gas, and taken with milk or water for intestinal issues, colds, and sore throats.2
Current Uses and Scientific Literature Review:
Note: Before reviewing the literature, it is important to note that many peer-reviewed studies may be biased because of industry-funded research to promote product sales, and a conflict of interest is not always disclosed (see information from biologist and nutritionist Marion Nestle on sponsored research here). In this article, we have done our best not to include any industry-funded studies. As discussed in the Food as Medicine Report (on page 158, specifically), there is a need for more government funding for food as medicine initiatives.
Anti-Inflammatory and Pain Relief: Curcumin’s potent anti-inflammatory properties have led to its investigation for conditions like osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) and rheumatoid arthritis (autoimmune inflammation disease). It is believed to help reduce pain and improve joint function.
- Calebin A’s Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Mueller et al. (2022) found the compound Calebin A, which is present in turmeric, has a regulatory effect on inflammation in tenocytes (cells in tendons). This regulation is achieved by influencing a signaling pathway involving NF-κB and scleraxis, which are proteins that play roles in immune responses, inflammation, and tendon development. Calebin A may have anti-inflammatory properties in tendons through its effects on specific signaling pathways, specifically for those experiencing tendinitis.
Tyagi et al. (2017) discovered Calebin A stops a process called NF-κB activation, which happens when cells react to different triggers. It does this by preventing a certain part of NF-κB (called p65) from attaching to DNA. When Calebin A stops NF-κB, it causes proteins that cause inflammation to be less active.
- Reduced Muscle Inflammation: Faria et al. (2020) gave 28 healthy men 3,500mg of turmeric extract capsules or a placebo for a month before running a half-marathon. As a result, men who took the turmeric capsules showed increased levels of an anti-inflammatory protein called IL-10 and lower levels of myoglobin, a muscle-related protein, when compared to the group who did not take the turmeric extract. The turmeric extract helped to reduce inflammation and muscle strain caused by running.
- Generalized Reduction in Inflammation: Li et al. (2019) conducted a review in which it was explained that curcuminoids, aromatic compounds found in turmeric, may have a beneficial anti-inflammatory effect on various conditions including atherosclerosis (buildup of plaque in arteries), cardiac hypertrophy (enlarged heart due to stress), hypertension (high blood pressure), ischemia/reperfusion injury (inadequate blood pumping by the heart), and complications related to cardiovascular health in diabetes.
- Pain Reduction: Fattori et al. (2015) discovered that curcumin (a compound from turmeric) reduced pain-like reactions and recruited immune cells quickly, only to the inflammation site. This happened because curcumin increased a protein called Nrf2 and decreased another one called NF-κB. The curcumin was given to subjects under the skin at a dose of 10mg per kilogram of body weight.
Cancer Prevention: Some studies have explored curcumin’s potential to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and prevent certain types of cancer, although more research is needed to fully understand its effects.
- Targeting Breast Cancer Cells: San et al. (2022) found that tiny capsules of turmeric oil could make breast cancer treatment more powerful when consumed at a level of 3.6 grams per day.
- Curcumin and Cancer (Literature Review): Almatroodi et al. (2021) found a growing body of evidence strongly indicates that curcumin possesses the capacity to impede the proliferation of cancer cells, trigger programmed cell death (apoptosis), and influence diverse cellular signaling pathway components.
- Calebin A and Colorectal Cancer: Burhmann et al. (2019) found Calebin A can counteract processes involving a protein complex (NF-κB) that contribute to the growth, spread, and movement of colorectal cancer cells. This study focused on colorectal cancer triggered by a substance called TNF-β or lymphotoxin, which causes inflammation and cell changes. The findings indicate that Calebin A might have potential to counter these cancer-related processes when applied in dose-dependent amounts.
Apoptosis (cell death) of Colorectal Cancer Cells: The above research group performed follow-up studies in 2020 to investigate whether Calebin A can hinder the aggressive behavior and spread of colorectal cancer cells that are in a cancerous environment. They found that calebin A stops a pathway involving a protein complex called NF-κB, which is associated with inflammation and cancer development.
- Calebin A and Cancer Treatment: Nair et al. (2019) further researched the effects of Calebin A and colorectal cell death and came to similar conclusions. Calebin A could be used to treat inflammation and prevent the growth of colorectal cancer cells triggered by certain factors, similar to TNF-β. It works by reducing their spread, survival, and growth. This could be a helpful approach against inflammation and colorectal cancer development.
Tyagi et al. (2017) Calebin A, a newly discovered component of turmeric, has the ability to inhibit cancer cell growth by suppressing the activity of NF-κB, a protein complex involved in cell survival and immune responses. Calebin A also makes cells more sensitive to chemotherapy, potentially enhancing the impact of chemotherapy to reduce cancer cell growth.
Cardiovascular Health: Some studies suggest that curcumin might help lower cholesterol levels and improve markers of heart health, potentially reducing the risk of heart disease.
- Lowering Triglyceride Levels: Adab et al. (2019) found turmeric consumption led to lower serum triglycerides and higher LDL cholesterol levels in people with high lipid levels (n = 80) when taken for eight weeks at a dosage of 2,100 mg per day.
- Curcumin Provides Heart Stress Protection (Animal Study): Pulido-Moran et al. (2017) studied rats given turmeric capsules with 5 mg per kilogram or 10 mg per kilogram of body weight each day and found curcumin helped protect the heart from oxidative stress, or an imbalance of oxygen in the body. Regularly taking curcumin lowered blood pressure and increased blood flow in the legs.
- Blood Vessel Improvement (Animal Study): Boonla et al. (2014) found giving curcumin at a dose of 200 mg per kilogram of body weight for six weeks improved blood vessel function by increasing nitric oxide and reducing oxidative stress.
- Weight Loss: Sukandar et al. (2010) found that using an extract from garlic and turmeric in people with type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia, or high cholesterol levels, led to a noticeable reduction in their body mass index (BMI).
Diabetes Management: Curcumin has been studied for its potential to improve insulin sensitivity and regulate blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
- Quality of Life Improvement in Diabetic Women: Darmian et al. (2022) studied how exercise and turmeric supplements affect the lives of 42 middle-aged women with type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol. They found that taking 2,100 mg of turmeric daily (a 700 mg turmeric capsule three times a day) led to a noticeable improvement in reported quality of life when compared to a control group. Researchers measured quality of life through surveys where participants shared their feelings throughout the course of the study.
- Effectiveness and Safety of Turmeric as Diabetes Treatment (Literature Review): Chattopadhyay et al. (2022) conducted an extensive literature review of 219 articles to assess the safety and effectiveness of using turmeric to treat type 2 diabetes. These articles encompassed 199 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), involving a total of 21,191 participants. All of these trials examined 98 Ayurvedic medicines, including turmeric. Their analyses revealed that across various treatment approaches, fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were reduced by four to 56 mg/dl. This finding highlights the potential impact of different treatment regimens involving turmeric on managing FBG levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
- Weight Loss: Adab et al. (2019) discovered that when adults with type 2 diabetes took 2,100 mg of turmeric daily (700 mg capsules, three times a day) for 8 weeks, they saw a noticeable drop in their body weight and BMI. This suggests that turmeric could potentially help reduce diabetes-related problems and excess weight when used alongside other treatments.
- Reduction in Fasting Plasma Glucose Levels: Maithili et al. (2015) observed a significant reduction in fasting plasma glucose levels among diabetic patients (n=60) who were administered two grams of turmeric daily (four 500 mg capsules per day) for four or eight weeks, compared to a control group.
- Small Vessel Strengthening: Anupunpisit et al. (2015) discovered that when they gave rats with induced type 2 diabetes a daily dose of 200 mg of curcumin per kilogram of body weight for eight or 12 weeks, the small blood vessels in their hearts, called microvessels, grew in size over both time periods. The curcumin supplementation seemed to help repair and improve the damaged microvessels in the hearts of these rats.
Liver Health: Curcumin’s antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties are being investigated for their potential to protect the liver and improve liver function.
- Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Treatment: Jarhahzadeh et al. (2021) studied 64 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and divided them randomly into two groups. One group received turmeric (two grams per day in capsules) and the other group received a placebo for eight weeks. They checked liver enzymes, lipid profiles, and a molecule called MDA before and after the study to compare the effects between the two groups. After the study, the group taking turmeric showed significant improvements. Their liver enzymes decreased, and they had lower levels of triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and MDA compared to when they started. The placebo group did not show such changes. This suggests that taking turmeric, with its active ingredient curcumin, might help manage NAFLD and lower liver enzyme levels.
Similarly, Navekar et al. (2017) discovered that NAFLD patients (n = 23) who were given turmeric supplementation at a dosage of 3,000 mg (500 mg capsules taken six times a day) over 12 weeks observed improvements in glucose indicators and levels of the hormone leptin in their blood, compared to a control group (n = 23). These results suggests that turmeric supplementation could be beneficial in managing the complications associated with NAFLD.
- Hyperlipidemia Prevention (Animal Study): Wang et al. (2021) took 27 male mice and split them into three groups. One group was fed a normal diet, the second received a high-fat diet, and the third consumed a high-fat diet with added turmeric powder (2.0 percent of the diet). After eight weeks, the mice with turmeric in their diet had notably lower levels of total cholesterol , triglycerides , and LDL cholesterol in their blood compared to the mice fed the high-fat diet without turmeric.
- Reversing Induced Liver Damage in Rats (Animal Study): Fan et al. (2014) looked at how curcumin, a substance found in turmeric, can help protect the liver from damage caused by reduced blood flow followed by sudden restoration of blood flow in a rat model. They found that rats given curcumin at both 1 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg of their body weight showed a clear improvement in liver damage. This means that curcumin might be helpful in preventing liver damage in situations where blood flow is temporarily disrupted and then restored.
Potential Side Effects: Certain individuals might encounter minor adverse effects like gastrointestinal discomfort, queasiness, lightheadedness, or loose stools.3 Turmeric, while beneficial for digestive health in moderate amounts, can lead to stomach irritation when consumed excessively since it stimulates the production of gastric acid.3 These undesired reactions tend to be more prevalent when turmeric is administered at elevated dosages (more than 3g/day for more than 3 months straight).3
Potential Negative Effects: Those taking blood-thinning medications like warfarin should avoid high doses of turmeric due to potential interactions.3 Turmeric has been associated with the stimulation of contractions, potentially relevant to easing PMS symptoms.3 Pregnant women, however, should avoid turmeric supplements due to its blood-thinning effects.3
Turmeric never loses its ability to color dishes, but it can lose its flavor over time.2 To keep turmeric potent, it should be placed away from direct sunlight.2 See the following recipes below to learn more about how to use turmeric:
- Moroccan Spiced Turkey Burger from USDA
- Chicken & Broccoli Curry with Turmeric Brown Rice from Eating Well
- Baked Tuna Steaks & Vegetables with Creamy Dijon-Turmeric Sauce from Eating Well
- Chicken with Onions & Spiced Butter Sauce from Eating Well
- Chickpea Salad with Broccoli & Golden Milk-Poached Chicken from Eating Well
- Apricot Glazed Chicken with Potatoes & Asparagus from Eating Well
- Spicy Turmeric Chicken from Yummly
- Turmeric Chicken Marinade from Yummly
- Turmeric Chicken from Yummly
- Ginger Turmeric Chicken Soup from Yummly
- Roasted Cauliflower Turmeric & Ginger Quinoa Salad from Yummly
- Indian Vegetable and Rice Skillet Meal from MyPlate
- Masur Dal (Red Lentils with Onion) from MyPlate
- Turmeric Rice Bowl with Garam Masala Root Vegetables & Chickpeas from Eating Well
- Cauliflower Eggs Benedict with Turmeric Yogurt Sauce from Eating Well
- Butternut Squash Soup with Apple Grilled Cheese Sandwiches from Eating Well
- Butternut Squash and Turmeric Soup from Yummly
- Comforting Cabbage Soup with Ginger from Eating Well
- Red Lentil Soup with Saffron from Eating Well
- Moroccan Vegetable Soup from Eating Well
- Butternut Squash, Chard, & Chickpea Soup from Eating Well
- Instant Pot Turmeric Lentil Soup from Yummly
- Pumpkin and Turmeric Soup from Yummly
- Spiced Turmeric Overnight Oats from Yummly
- Kale Chips from MyPlate
- Turmeric-Ginger Tahini Dip from Eating Well
- Turmeric-Roasted Cauliflower from Eating Well
- Candied Green Papaya with Ginger & Turmeric from Eating Well
- Curry Lemon Rice from Eating Well
- Turmeric Lemon Rice from Yummly
- Turmeric Rice from Yummly
- Golden Turmeric Tahini Sauce from Yummly
- Anti-Inflammatory Turmeric Coconut Bites from Yummly
- Turmeric Latte from Eating Well
- Turmeric & Ginger Shots from Eating Well
- Frozen Lemon-Ginger Turmeric Shots from Eating Well
- Elderberry Elixir Mocktail from Eating Well
- Golden Milk Frappé from Eating Well
- Anti-Inflammatory Turmeric Ginger Tea from Yummly
- Turmeric Smoothie from Yummly
- Golden Milk (Turmeric Tea) from Yummly
- Turmeric, The Golden Spice from The National Library of Medicine
- Turmeric from National Center for Contemporary and Integrative Health
- Turmeric – Uses, Side Effects, and More from Web MD
- Everything you Need to Know About Turmeric from Medical News Today
- Turmeric may effectively reduce stomach acid, treat indigestion (Medical News Today, September 18, 2023)
- Turmeric: from porridge to pickle, how to get the golden spice in your diet (The Guardian, September 13, 2023)
- What Can Turmeric Actually Do for Your Health? (New York Times, September 13, 2023)
- Do Turmeric Supplements Work? Here’s What the Science Says (Being Patient, August 18, 2023)
- Debunking the turmeric arthritis hype – Embracing curcumin’s real potential (Longevity Technology, August 16, 2023)
- What are the Benefits of Turmeric? (US News & World Report, August 2, 2023)
- Turmeric For The Skin: 6 Benefits, DIY Tips , Cautions & How To Use It (Mind Body Lifestyle, July 25, 2023)
- Best Turmeric Supplements Of 2023, According To Experts (Forbes, July 20, 2023)
- Is Turmeric Beneficial for Gout? (Medical News Today, July 17, 2023)
- 10 Home Remedies for Bronchitis (Healthline, July 17, 2023)
- Novel Turmeric Derivative Drug Shows Promise in Head and Neck Cancer (MedPage Today, July 10, 2023)
- Is Turmeric Beneficial for Prostate Cancer? (Medical News Today, July 10, 2023)
- Turmeric for Knee Osteoarthritis (Dynamic Chiropractic, July 2023)
- This Latte Ingredient May Be the Best-Kept Skincare Secret (Shape, June 26, 2023)
- Zinc? Honey? Ginger? What Actually Helps When You Have a Cold or the Flu? (The New York Times, June 20, 2023)
- Should I take curcumin, turmeric’s secret weapon? Here’s what the science says (The Globe and Mail, June 13, 2023)
- Turmeric: Here’s How it Actually Measures up to Health Claims (The Conversation, May 23, 2023)
- 30 Benefits of Turmeric in 2023 (Discover, May 14, 2023)
- Can Turmeric Help Manage Multiple Sclerosis? (Everyday Health, March 23, 2023)
- Golden spice commonly found in curry could enhance ovarian cancer treatments (News Medical Life Sciences, March 23, 2023)
- Clinical Overview: The Addition of Curcumin to Standard Ovarian Cancer Chemotherapy (Pharmacy Times, March 21, 2023)
- Should you Take Turmeric Supplements? (Verywell Health, March 20, 2023)
- The Many Health Benefits of Turmeric (and Curcumin) (Verywell Health, February 28, 2023)
- Top 12 Best Turmeric Supplements (The Times of Israel, January 29, 2023)
- Turmeric Mouthwash Protocol Reduced Severity of Mucositis in Head and Neck Cancer (Oncology Nurse Advisor, January 26, 2023)
- COVID-19 Treatment: Combining Curcumin and Quercetin may Reduce Duration (NutraIngredients Europe, January 25, 2023)
- Dr Botanicals Turmeric Superfood Restoring Treatment Mask Makes My Skin Fresh and Dewy (Allure, January 9, 2023)
- Health Benefits from Turmeric and Ginger (Eating Well, November 30, 2022)
- Can Turmeric Lower Cholesterol? (Medical News Today, November 4, 2022)
- Why Turmeric Is So Good for You (Eating Well, May 4, 2022)
- The 7 Best Spices for Fighting Inflammation (Eating Well, June 1, 2020)
Inflammation and Antioxidant Effects:
- Curcumin and proton pump inhibitors for functional dyspepsia: a randomised, double blind controlled trial (BMJ, September 11, 2023)
- Bioactivity Screening of Thirty Black Turmeric (Curcuma caesia Roxb.) Essential Oils Against Free Radicals and MDR Isolates (Pharmacognosy Magazine, July 7, 2023)
- Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin/turmeric supplementation in adults: A GRADE-assessed systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (Cytokines, April 2023)
- A review of therapeutic potentials of turmeric (Curcuma longa) and its active constituent, curcumin, on inflammatory disorders, pain, and their related patents (Wiley, July 26, 2021)
- Combination of Microwave, Ultrasonic, Enzyme Assisted Method for Curcumin Species Extraction from Turmeric (Curcuma Longa L.) and Evaluation of their Antioxidant Activity (Wiley, April 3, 2021)
- Phenolic profiles, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities of turmeric (Curcuma longa) (Industrial Crops and Products, September 15, 2020)
- Puffing as a Novel Process to Enhance the Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) (Antioxidants, October 23, 2019)
- Isolation and characterization of stable nanofiber from turmeric spent using chemical treatment by acid hydrolysis and its potential as antimicrobial and antioxidant activities (Journal of Macromolecular Science, February 23, 2019)
- Curcumin activates a ROS/KEAP1/NRF2/miR-34a/b/c cascade to suppress colorectal cancer metastasis (Cell Death & Differentiation, May 20, 2023)
- Analysis on internal mechanism of zedoary turmeric in treatment of liver cancer based on pharmacodynamic substances and pharmacodynamic groups (Chinese Herbal Medicines, October 2022)
- Turmeric-silver-nanoparticles for effective treatment of breast cancer and to break CTX-M-15 mediated antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli (Inorganic and Nano-metal Chemistry, August 31, 2020)
- Anti-proliferative Efficiency of Pulsed Electric Field Treated Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Extracts on Breast Cancer Cell Lines (IETE Journal of Research, August 6, 2020)
- Effects of turmeric (Curcuma longa) supplementation on glucose metabolism in diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome: An umbrella review and updated meta-analysis (PLOS One, July 20, 2023)
- Topical Turmeric Ointment in the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study (Sage, December 13, 2022)
- Turmeric/oregano formulations for treatment of diabetic ulcer wounds (Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, August 28, 2020)
- A comprehensive review on antidiabetic properties of turmeric (Life Science Journal, 2020)
- Effects of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic model (Journal of Food Biochemistry, July 24, 2019)
- Review on Curcumin Compounds in Turmeric Plants for the Treatment of COVID-19 (International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics, October 6, 2022)
- Turmeric Root and Its Bioactive Ingredient Curcumin Effectively Neutralize SARS-CoV-2 In Vitro (MDPI, September 23, 2021)
- Turmeric as a Possible Treatment for COVID-19-Induced Anosmia and Ageusia (Cureus, September 8, 2021)
- Curcumin (a constituent of turmeric): New treatment option against COVID-19 (Food Science & Nutrition, September 6, 2020)
Other Disease Treatment:
- Effects of curcumin/turmeric supplementation on obesity indices and adipokines in adults: A grade-assessed systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (Phytotherapy Research, March 7, 2023)
- Curcuma longa (Turmeric): Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and toxicity profiles—A review (Pharmacological Research – Traditional Chinese Medicine, March 7, 2023)
- Brain Targeted Curcumin Loaded Turmeric Oil Microemulsion Protects Against Trimethyltin Induced Neurodegeneration in Adult Zebrafish: A Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Insight (Pharmaceutical Research, January 6, 2023)
- Impacts of turmeric and its principal bioactive curcumin on human health: Pharmaceutical, medicinal, and food applications: A comprehensive review (Frontiers, January 10, 2023)
- The Efficacy and Tolerability of Turmeric and Salicylic Acid in Psoriasis Treatment (Psoriasis: Targets and Therapy, November 17, 2022)
- Turmeric extract alleviates endocrine-metabolic disturbances in letrozole-induced PCOS by increasing adiponectin circulation: A comparison with Metformin (Metabolism Open, March 2022)
- Cytotoxic effect of diferuloylmethane, a derivative of turmeric on different human glioblastoma cell lines (Cellular, Molecular, and Biological Reports, October 14, 2021)
- Turmeric / curcumin and health outcomes: A meta-review of systematic reviews (European Journal of Integrative Medicine, December 2020)
- Influence of turmeric (curcuma longa) as feed additive on the performance, serum enzymes and lipid profile of broiler chickens (Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, October 14, 2020)
- Cold atmospheric-pressure plasma treatment of turmeric powder: microbial load, essential oil profile, bioactivity and microstructure analyses (Wiley, October 6, 2020)
- Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis With Acupuncture, Turmeric (Curcuma longa), Sarsaparilla (Smilax officinalis) and Vitamin D: A Case Report (Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, September 2020)
- Turcuron: A standardized bisacurone-rich turmeric rhizome extract for the prevention and treatment of hangover and alcohol-induced liver injury in rats (Pharmacognosy Magazine, August 2020)
- Turmeric Potential Health Benefits (Nutrition Today, August 2020)
- Alleviation of heat stress in broiler chicken using turmeric (Curcuma longa) (Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology, June 3, 2020)
- Structural modification of fiber and starch in turmeric residue by chemical and mechanical treatment for production of biodegradable films (International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, April 1, 2019)
- Metabolic treatment of syndrome linked with Parkinson’s disease and hypothalamus pituitary gonadal hormones by turmeric curcumin in Bisphenol-A induced neuro-testicular dysfunction of wistar rat (Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, March 2019)
- Cannabis and Turmeric as Complementary Treatments for IBD and Other Digestive Diseases (Current Gastroenterology Reports, January 11, 2019)
- The Ginger and Turmeric Companion: Natural Recipes and Remedies for Everyday Health (2020)
- Turmeric & Healing Spices: Remedies for Health and Well-Being (2020)
- Turmeric for Your Health: Nature’s Most Powerful Anti-Inflammatory (July 1, 2018)
- Turmeric: Nature’s Miracle Healer: Fact or Fiction (2018)
- The Turmeric Cookbook (2017)
- Turmeric for Health: 100 Amazing and Unexpected Uses for Turmeric (September 2, 2016)
- The Healing Power of Turmeric (2015)
- Turmeric and the Healing Curcuminoids (1999)
- Turmeric – The Superfood (The ATP Project, February 13, 2023)
- Can Turmeric Improve Your Recovery and Help with Pain Management? (Imperfect Progress with Anne Guzman, August 12, 2022)
- Terrific Turmeric (The Endometriosis Nutritionist Podcast, April 16, 2022)
- Turmeric and Its Therapeutic Effects (Wholistic Matters Podcast, March 2, 2022)
- Turmeric Lattes and Tikka Masala Veritalk (Harvard University, May 2, 2019)
- Turmeric Fight Against Disease (Dangers Alimentaires, March 31, 2018)
- Turmeric (VICE, July 14, 2017)
- 12 Scientific Health Benefits of Turmeric and Curcumin (Everyday Health, June 4, 2023)
- TURMERIC is Good for Virtually EVERYTHING! (Dr. Eric Berg, January 10, 2023)
- Turmeric Dosage: How Much Should You Take Per Day? (Healthline, December 27, 2022)
- Turmeric Tea: Benefits, Types to Try, and How to Make It (Healthline, January 20, 2022)
- Turmeric and Curcumin (WebMD, November 4, 2021)
- Home Remedies: Are There Health Benefits of Turmeric? (Mayo Clinic, March 20, 2019)
- The Sad Truth About the Turmeric in Your Golden Latte (SciShow, July 30, 2018)
- Is turmeric good for you? Yes, but It’s complicated (NBC News, July 26, 2017)
- Turmeric Side Effects: Health Benefits and Risks (Medical News Today, July 12, 2017)
- Health, healing, celebration & Pinch of Sunshine, the story of Turmeric (PIB India, May 29, 2017)
- Health benefits of turmeric (@mayoclinic, August 13, 2023)
- Honey with Turmeric: The Most Powerful Natural Antibiotic That Not Even Doctors Can Explain (@bestfolkmedicine, May 26, 2023)
- Homemade Detox Tea (@cookinwithjae and @jai_nice, May 15, 2023)
- Immunity Cubes (@feelgoodfoodie, February 26, 2023)
- Turmeric Latte (@sovegan, January 28, 2023)
- Ginger Turmeric Wellness Shots (@plantyou, December 19, 2022)
- Natural Antibiotic & Anti-Inflammatory Remedy: Turmeric, Honey, Apple Cider Vinegar & Black Pepper (@speiroutdoors, July 16, 2023)
- Turmeric Shots (@fevadageneral April 29, 2023)
- Turmeric (Curcumin) Do’s and Don’ts (@leonidkimmd, March 20, 2023)
- Best natural medicine for cold and flu (@talkherbal December 7, 2022)
- Turmeric Mask (@nottooshabby, November 29, 2022)
- Turmeric Benefits (@fitnessfactseveryday July 24, 2022)
- Turmeric Face Mask (@pinkvcode, July 20, 2022)
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